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Chondromalacia Patellae

Overview

Chondromalacia patellae can be defined as a condition that results in degeneration and softening of the cartilage below the kneecap (patella). In simple words, Chondromalacia is defined as abnormal appearing cartilage that can take place in any part of the body.  Mostly, the disorder is faced by athletes and those players who are involved in games like soccer, table tennis, horseback riding, volleyball, etc. In addition to this, it has been observed that women are more prone towards the condition as compared to men. Patellofemoral syndrome and CMP are alternative names of the condition


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Causes

It is important to disclose that Chondromalacia patellae can be outcome of many factors. It occurs when cartilage gets damaged. Repeated injuries on the kneecap, putting more pressure on the knee, bursitis, core instability, misalignment, etc are some other conditions that cause the disorder. People who have had a fracture or dislocation of the kneecap are more prone towards the Chondromalacia patellae


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of the disorder are described below:

  • Knee tenderness
  • Pain in the knee that worsens when a person gets up from a chair, climb stairs, etc
  • A grinding sensation is felt when a person extends his knee
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Prevention

Avoid putting abnormal stressor pressure on the knee. Follow those exercises that help in keeping leg muscles (especially the hamstrings and the quadriceps) flexible and strong.


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Treatments
Physical Therapy Modern Medicine

NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs) such as aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen, etc help in getting temporary relief. Adequate rest, avoiding those activities that put pressure on the knee such as deep knee bends, climbing stairs, playing games like volleyball, soccer, etc forms the part of treatment. Physical therapy like hamstring stretching and quadriceps strengthening may prove useful and provide relief from the symptoms of Chondromalacia patellae.

Surgical Treatment Modern Medicine

If even after taking NSAIDs and therapies if a person does not get relief, surgery is the last resort. Surgery is performed by health specialist depending upon the kind of misalignment.  Arthroscopic surgery is performed for treating Chondromalacia patellae

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