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Goiter

Overview

Goiter is enlargement of thyroid gland.


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Causes

Goiter occurs when thyroid gland is not able to produce enough hormones to meet body’s need. There are 2 type of simple goiter:

1)      Endemic

2)      Sporadic

 

Endemic or colloid goiter is more common in people with poor iodine .people who do not get enough iodine through diet.

 

Cause of sporadic goiter is unknown, but it is believed certain drugs like lithium can cause it.

 

Risk factors include:

  • People above age of 40 yr
  • Family history
  • Female are more prone than males

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Signs & Symptoms
  • Swelling in neck
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Cough
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • Hoarseness of voice
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Prevention

Use of iodine salt in diet prevent endemic goiter


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Treatments
Radioactive iodine Modern Medicine

Goiter needs treatment for its symptoms. Other treatment includes

If thyroid gland is producing too much thyroid then radioactive iodine is given to shrink the gland

Surgery is performed to remove the gland.

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