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Hypomagnesemia

Overview

Hypomagnesemia is the low levels of magnesium in the blood of the patient. This disease is basically an electrolyte disturbance condition. This disease is often seen in hospitalized patients


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Causes

The hypomagnesemia can be seen due to various reasons, such as chronic diarrhea, malabsorption of magnesium in the diet, high levels of calcium in the blood of the patient, malnutrition, excessive intake of alcohol, etc. the patient may also tend to get this disease while consuming certain drugs such as cisplatin, amphotericin, diuretics, etc. the patient who tends to pass on excessive urine may also suffer from this disease


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient suffering from hypomagnesemia has the following symptoms:-

  • The patient may tend to become weak.
  • He/she may suffer from muscle cramps.
  • The patient may also develop cardiac arrhythmia.
  • The patient may suffer from jerks and tremors.
  • The patient may also tend to undergo nystagmus.
  • The patient may stay in the state of depression, confusion and disorientation.
  • He or she may also suffer from fits and hypertension
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Prevention

Drinking excessive of alcohol must be avoided and intake of certain drugs must be avoided to prevent this disease


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Treatments
Oral Replacement Therapies Modern Medicine

Most of the patients may be given oral replacement therapies to replenish the lower levels of magnesium in the blood

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