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Iron Deficiency Anemia

Overview

Iron deficiency anemia is a commonly known blood disorder. It is caused by deficiency of iron in the body of the patient. The iron acts as a main component for the formation of hemoglobin and this hemoglobin acts as a store house of the iron in the body. Though, you may find some amount of iron in ferritin and hemosiderin in the bone marrow, liver and spleen.


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Causes

Iron deficiency anemia may be caused due to several reasons:- low levels of iron in the diet- continuous intake of low levels of iron in the diet may lead to this disease. Increased requirements of iron in the body due to certain major changes like pregnancy, lactation, growth of the children and adolescents may also lead to this disease. Certain kinds of gastrointestinal tract abnormalities may lead to malabsorption of iron in the body and ultimately lead to iron deficiency anemia. Massive blood loss due to trauma or surgery may also lead to this disease. Blood loss due to menstrual bleeding may also lead to anemia.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient suffering from iron deficiency anemia has the following symptoms:-

  • The patient’s skin may become pale in nature.
  • The patient may become irritable soon.
  • He may often complain of tiredness and fatigue.
  • There may be tachycardia.
  • He may also experience sore or swollen tongue.
  • There may be enlarged spleen.
  • The patient may feel the urge to consume peculiar substances, like dirt and ice, a medical condition called pica.
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Prevention

Regular intake of good amount of iron through dietary components will help in preventing this disease. 


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Treatments
Iron dietary supplements Modern Medicine

The patient with iron deficiency anemia may be treated with supplements of iron in the form of capsules and tonics. Dietary supplements of iron in the form of fruits and vegetables may also be recommended to the patient. Blood may be transfused from outside if there is massive blood loss due to trauma. Any drug that is destroying the hemoglobin in your body must be avoided.

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