Malnutrition is the condition that develops when the body does not get the right amount of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ function.
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Poverty and lack of food by impacts of natural disasters,conflict and war, lack of education regarding proper nutrition, lack of breastfeeding to infants and children, undernutrition, overeating.
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Unintentionally losing 4.5 kg or more may be a sign of malnutrition. People who are malnourished may be skinny or bloated. Rashes and changes in pigmentation are common.Hair is thin, tightly curled, and pulls out easily. Joints ache and bones are soft and tender. The gums bleed. The tongue may be swollen or shriveled and cracked. Visual disturbances include night blindness and increased sensitivity to light and glare.Other symptoms include:anemia,diarrhea,goiter,loss of reflexes and lack of ,coordination,scaling and cracking of the lips and mouth,Malnourished children may be short for their age, thin, listless, and have weakened immune systems.
Breast-feeding a baby for at least six months is considered the best way to prevent early-childhood malnutrition.
• Consume plenty of fruits, grains, and vegetables.
• Eat a variety of foods that are low in fats and cholesterols and contain only moderate amounts of salt, sugars, and sodium.
• Engage in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes, at least several times a week.
• Achieve or maintain their ideal weight.
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Normalizing nutritional status starts with a nutritional assessment. This process enables a clinical nutritionist or registered dietician to confirm the presence of malnutrition, assess the effects of the disorder, and formulate diets that will restore adequate nutrition.Patients who cannot or will not eat, or who are unable to absorb nutrients taken by mouth, may be fed intravenously (parenteral nutrition) or through a tube inserted into the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (enteral nutrition).
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